All of the British Isles and the Low Countries, northern Spain, most of France and the westernmost half of Germany fall under the marine west coast climate … ... we see that much of Europe lies north of the United States. Search through these resources to discover more about unique landforms and landscapes around the world. This region is sparsely populated except in the Rhine, Rhne, Elbe, and Danube river valleys.Alpine MountainsThe Alpine Mountains include ranges in the Italian and Balkan peninsulas, northern Spain, and southern France. Europe extends from the island nation of Iceland in the west to the Ural Mountains of Russia in the east. New questions in Geography. The eastern side of these mountains is often considered the boundary line or border between the continents of Europe and Asia. The three major physical land features of Western Europe are Great European Plain, the Central Uplands, and the Alpine mountain system. The Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats border the Deccan plateau on its eastern and western sides respectively. the study of the way human communities and systems interact with their environment. However, in geography, West Asia refers to the regions of Mesopotamia, Levant, Anatolia, the Armenian Highlands, Iran, Arabian Peninsula, South Caucasus, and the Sinai Peninsula. Sissons, 1979a, Benn et al., 1992, Bennett and Boulton, 1993, Benn and Ballantyne, 2005, Lukas and Bradwell, 2010, Finlayson et al., 2011, Boston et al., 2015).Such evidence … Western Europe can be divided into a number of smaller geographic regions, including northern Europe, southern Europe, Central Europe, and the British Isles. The Ural Mountains run north to south in western Russia. Western Europe is the region of Europe farthest from Asia, with the countries and territories included varying depending on context.. Only after the beginning of the foreign conquests of the Age of Discovery, the autonomous discourse of "Europe" as "the West" began to protractedly detach itself from the unifying narrative of "Christendom", the hitherto dominant identity system in the area, in which was … The Northern Hemisphere contains North America, the northern part of South America, Europe, the northern two-thirds of Africa, and most of Asia. Europe is the second-smallest continent. The absence of any major continental shelf as in Europe and the northeastern part of North America limits the development of fishing grounds and the … The world can be divided into the following geographical regions: 1. wetland area usually covered by a shallow layer of seawater or freshwater. study of the natural features and processes of the Earth. However, most geographers … tiny marine animal that thrives in deep, cold water. Physical boundaries include oceans, cliffs, or valleys. The Himalayas in Asia, the Alps in Europe, the Rockies in North America and the Andes in South America are the most prominent … an animal that lives most of its life in the ocean but breathes air and gives birth to live young, such as whales and seals. What is true about the geography of the North European Lowland? The name West Asia or Western Asia is occasionally used only for grouping countries for statistical purposes and sometimes used in place of the political name of the Middle East. The type of terrestrial ecosystem found in a particular place is dependent on the temperature range, the average amount of precipitation received, the soil type, and amount of light it receives. On a map you will see that Europe is a large peninsula stretching to the west of Asia. Also called deep-water coral. A terrestrial ecosystem is a land-based community of organisms and the interactions of biotic and abiotic components in a given area. Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined subregion of Europe, overlapping Northern and Western Europe. ... B. region and name for some countries in Northern Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark. Most Renewable Electricity ProducedIceland (99.9%; hydropower, geothermal), Population Density188 people per square kilometer, Largest WatershedVolga River (1.38 million square km/532,821 square miles), Highest ElevationMount Elbrus, Russia (5,642 meters/18,510 feet), Largest Urban AreaMoscow, Russia (16.2 million people). Dunn, Margery G. (Editor). one of the seven main land masses on Earth. Population concentrations are mostly to the north. A physical boundary is a naturally occurring barrier between two or more areas. The European Lowland is the most populated area in the continent of Europe. ecosystem filled with trees and underbrush. all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area. National Geographic Headquarters Last Updated: ... reflecting the country’s history as ground once contested by two of Europe’s great powers. 2. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection@natgeo.com for more information and to obtain a license. Africa straddles the equator, having an almost equal south and north extent. Europes highest peak, Mount Elbrus (5,642 meters/18,510 feet), is in the Caucasus mountains of Russia. The Western Highlands are the most extensive and rugged topographic component of Ethiopia. The forests and grasslands of western and central Europe have been almost completely domesticated, with crops and livestock dominant.Finally, small, drought-resistant plants border the Mediterranean Sea, Europes southern edge. The North-western Highlands: This is the highland region situated in the far north of Europe. a group of closely scattered islands in a large body of water. Alberta also produces 75% of Canada’s oil and is important for coal and natural gas. The rate of natural increase is fairly low. Migration has positive and negative effects on a country or area. AN OVERVIEW OF THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF AFRICA . What are the Apennines? Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. introduction of harmful materials into the environment. an opening in the Earth's crust, through which lava, ash, and gases erupt, and also the cone built by eruptions. ancient, giant landmass that split apart to form all the continents we know today. It is bordered by the Adriatic Sea on the east coast, the Tyrrhenian Sea on the west or Mediterranean coast, and the Ionian Sea to the south.In the north, Italy is bordered by the countries of France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia. It is also the home to the birth of democracy. [5][6][8][9][10][11][12] Southern France is not regarded as northwestern, as it is usually geographically and culturally considered part of the Mediterranean region or Southern Europe.[13][14]. Western Europe is closer to the North Pole C. of the influence of the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf stream D. there are no high mountains in Western Europe 3. Add your answer and earn points. Its capital city is Dublin. Paris, France, is at about the same latitude as Fargo, North Dakota. [1][2][3][4][5][6][7] Finland, Southern Germany, Switzerland, and Austria are also often considered part of Northwestern Europe. Part A: The four physiographic regions of Europe are the European Lowlands, Alpine System, Central Uplands, Western Highlands. All the British Isles, for example, fall above the fiftieth parallel. Andrew Turgeon, Mary Crooks, National Geographic Society 1145 17th Street NW If we compare Europe’s position on a globe with that of the contiguous United States, we see that much of Europe lies north of the United States. Europe is a land of physical features. You cannot download interactives. Also called industrial agriculture. Geographically, Northwestern Europe usually consists of the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Northern France, Northern Germany, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Iceland. This plain is ringed almost completely by coastal … Southern France is not regarded as northwestern, as it is usually geographically and culturally considered part of the Mediterranean region or Southern Europe. Encyclopedic entry. Ireland, country of western Europe occupying five-sixths of the westernmost major island of the British Isles. piece of land jutting into a body of water. Only Oceania has less landmass. The differences in climate, terrain, and natural resources provide for a diversity of economic activities that influence cultural development within the European community. 3. Culturally, the Highlands and the Lowlands diverged from the later Middle Ages into the modern period, when Lowland Scots replaced Scottish Gaelic throughout most of the Lowlands. Most of the Great European Plain lies below 152 meters (500 feet) in elevation. High elevations, rugged plateaus, and steeply sloping land define the region. It is one of the longest fold mountains in the world and extends from Canada to Western US (New Mexico State) 2. It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. Western European climates tend to be noticeably milder than their latitudinal equivalents in North America because? It includes parts of France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Poland, the Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania), and Belarus. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. Trees also grow in that southernmost region, including the Aleppo pine, cypress, and cork oak. New York, New York, John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2001. North European PlainThe North European Plain extends from the southern United Kingdom east to Russia. land covered by trees with thin needles instead of flat leaves. In military history, especially in Commonwealth countries, the battle honour North-West Europe has been used to refer to the two land campaigns in that approximate area during World War II. having parts or molecules that are packed closely together. Describe the major features of north -western highlands of Europe in geography 1 See answer kamaljeetsingh923 is waiting for your help. The term is also used for the area north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault, … The European bison, the heaviest land animal on the continent, is one of the most threatened species. The western edge of Europe and define the physical landscape of Scandinavia. (2010) The North European Plain remains the most densely populated region of Europe.Central UplandsThe Central Uplands extend east-west across central Europe and include western France and Belgium, southern Germany, the Czech Republic, and parts of northern Switzerland and Austria. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. Europe is a peninsula of the Eurasian supercontinent and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas to the south. However, after facing the erosive action of glaciers for millions of years, they have been reduced to low hills with gentle slopes. Author of The Boundaries of the Canadian Confederation and others. The Deccan Plateau- a triangular landmass lying on the south of the Narmada River. It is also the world’s most populous continent, with roughly 60 percent of the total population. The only primate native to Europe, the Barbary macaque, inhabits this Mediterranean basin. PHYSICAL FEATURES . Flora & FaunaMuch like its physical regions, Europes plant and animal communities follow a general north-south orientation. Europe has been the home to a variety of civilizations including Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. Due to its location and geography, Western Europe has seen many successive waves of immigrants throughout its history. She or he will best know the preferred format. The link between these peninsulas has made Europe a dominant economic, social, and cultural force throughout recorded history.Europes physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately.Europe can be divided into four major physical regions, running from north to south: Western Uplands, North European Plain, Central Uplands, and Alpine Mountains. A cape usually represents a marked change in trend of the coastline which makes them prone to natural forms of erosion, mainly tidal actions.This results in capes having a relatively short geological lifespan. Resources can be natural or human. They are made up of very hard crystalline rocks and were once very lofty and rugged. The word … In addition, Finland, Switzerland, and Austria are also frequently considered Northwestern Europe. The Age of Exploration had a significant impact on geography. Alps. The geographic regions of the world can be divided into ten regions: Africa, Asia, Central America, Eastern Europe, European Union, Middle East, North America, Oceania, South America, and the Caribbean. Europes main peninsulas are the Iberian, Italian, and Balkan, located in southern Europe, and the Scandinavian and Jutland, located in northern Europe. [15][16][17] The definition of Northwestern Europe as correlating with Protestant Germanic Europe leads to somewhat the same definition as the geographical one above, but would tend to exclude northern France, Wallonia, Southern Netherlands, much of southern Germany, Austria, and Ireland. © 1996 - 2021 National Geographic Society. process in which there is an increase in the number of people living and working in a city or metropolitan area. [26], Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Northwestern_Europe&oldid=1000179768, Europe articles missing geocoordinate data, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 00:06. Central Africa’s most famous national park, Virunga National Park in Congo (Kinshasa), is home to elephants, lions, hippopotamuses, warthogs, forest hogs, okapis, and mountain gorillas on the volcano slopes. Some diverse biomes represented in North America include desert, grassland, tundra, and coral reefs. Europe itself has many smaller peninsulas, so it is sometimes called a “peninsula of peninsulas.” Because of these peninsulas, most locations in Europe are no more than 300 miles from an ocean or sea. available supply of materials, goods, or services. A biome is a community of animals and plants spreading over an extensive area with a relatively uniform climate. Students are introduced to the physical geography of Europe and delineate major drainage basins in Europe. This is because France and Wallonia, despite their historical Protestant Huguenot populations, are traditionally considered Catholic Romance language countries, while much of Southern Germany, much of the southern Netherlands, Austria, and Ireland, though largely containing Germanic language speakers, are historically Catholic. thick layer of glacial ice that covers a large area of land. A period of static warfare existed from 1 November 1944 to 8 February 1945 during which time the First Canadian Army manned positions in the Nijmegen Salient. As it turns out, to really get a good understand of the full meaning of our ethnicity results, we have to do a little exploration of geography and history. Europe's most significant geological feature is the dichotomy between the highlands and mountains of Southern Europe and a vast, partially underwater, northern plain ranging from Great Britain in the west to the Ural Mountains in the east. The map represented a huge leap forward in knowledge, recognizing the newly found American landmass and forever changing the European understanding of a world divided into only three parts—Europe, Asia, and Africa. Sustainability Policy |  The Caledonian Canal, which extends from Loch Linnhe in the south-west, via Loch Ness to the Moray Firth in the north … Select from these educational resources to teach middle school students more about physical boundaries. conditions that surround and influence an organism or community. Most of the highlands and mountains are the result of recent volcanic activities (e.g east African mountains like the Kilmanjaro -19,340 ft (5895 m); ... (extends 320 kms or 200 miles off shore). Its easternmost country is Russia, which spans Europe … A definition of Northwestern Europe as an inclusive term for those European countries not falling within Southern Europe or Eastern Europe was used by some late 19th to mid 20th century anthropologists, eugenicists, and Nordicists, who used Northwestern Europe as a shorthand term for the region of Europe in which members of the Nordic race were concentrated, in contrast to the Eastern and Southern regions of Europe that contained Mediterranean peoples, Slavs, and other non-Nordic peoples. Melissa McDaniel The Central Uplands are lower in altitude and less rugged than the Alpine region and are heavily wooded. Its westernmost country is Iceland, which is located on the Mid-Atlantic ridge west of the Norwegian Sea. type of plant that sheds its leaves once a year. 4. ecosystem with large, flat areas of grasses. modern farming methods that include mechanical, chemical, engineering and technological methods. evergreen forest in cool, northern latitudes. the reduction or destruction of an ecosystem, making it less able to support its native species. The region also has a strong history of Protestantism that differentiates it from its Mediterranean / Southern European / Latin and Eastern European / Slavic neighbours. Appalachian Mountains. The tundra, found in Iceland and the northern reaches of Scandinavia and Russia, is a treeless region where small mosses, lichens, and ferns grow. Coordinates: 57°30′N 5°0′W / 57.500°N 5.000°W / 57.500; -5.000 The Northwest Highlands are located in the northern third of Scotland that is separated from the Grampian Mountains by the Great Glen. The state lies close to both the geographic and population centres of the Western Hemisphere, in a position that not only commands one entrance to the Gulf of Mexico but also overlooks a strategic crossroads between North and South America and historic routes to the European and Mediterranean worlds. The Western Uplands is defined by hard, ancient rock that was shaped by glaciation. Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined subregion of Europe, overlapping Northern and Western Europe. It stretches from northern France, through the British Isles and Scandinavia to the Arctic Ocean. a) It contains the mountain ranges of the Alps. Culturally, the Highlands and the Lowlands diverged from the later Middle Ages into the modern period, when Lowland Scots replaced Scottish Gaelic throughout most of the Lowlands. The world population is growing rapidly. Also called boreal forest. Europe is the western peninsula of the giant "supercontinent" of Eurasia. The country is noted for a rich heritage of culture and tradition that was linked initially to the Gaelic language. Gobinder Gobinder Answer: The north west high lands are the northern third of scotland which is separated from the Grampians mountains. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. Europe encompasses about four million square miles, making it the second smallest continent with regard to surface area.

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